UPR of Argentina: Overcoming a junta and an economic crisis, Argentina faces ongoing challenges

UPR of Argentina: Overcoming a junta and an economic crisis, Argentina faces ongoing challenges

The International Service for Human Rights reports that Argentina participated in the second cycle of the Universal Periodic Review (UPR) on 22 October. Represented by Mr Juan Martin Fresneda the State Secretary for Human Rights, Argentina outlined the progress that it has made since the first cycle in 2008.

Mr Fresneda stressed that since the first cycle Argentina has made moves that put the human rights of the individual at the centre of the law. He noted that Argentina has demonstrated its commitment to the protection of human rights by ratifying the second Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights; the Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights; the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child; and the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities and the Optional Protocol. This is in line with recommendations made during the first cycle of the UPR.

While Argentina has made positive steps towards implementing the recommendations during the first cycle, the issue of the treatment of the prison population was a major talking point. Recommendations on this theme build on the recommendations from the first cycle that have not been implemented fully.

Argentina’s progress was contextualised within the developments that have occurred since the end of the Military Junta in 1983, the establishment of the Truth Commission in 1984, and Argentina’s economic crisis that lasted from 1999 to 2003. Mr Fresneda noted that responding to Argentina’s history requires a solid commitment at national and international levels to human rights.

Recommendations made by stakeholders during the review included:

  • Continue to make improvements to the state of prisons, especially with regard to overcrowding.
  • Address the issue of human trafficking in line with the report and recommendations made by the Special Rapporteur on Human Trafficking who visited the country in 2011.
  • Engage more deeply on the issue of violence against women, in particular domestic violence, including implementation of legislative measures that provide access to justice for victims and provide for greater security for witnesses in trials.
  • That the various semi-autonomous provinces of Argentina harmonise their legislation with the Federal Protection of Children and Adolescents Act (2005)
  • Close the gap between legislation and reality surrounding the laws recognising women’s rights. The criminalisation of abortion was one of the main outstanding issues that arose from the UPR.

The recommendations that were made during the review generally built on the positive steps taken by Argentina. The Argentinian delegation appeared open to the feedback and recommendations that were put to them and other members of the delegation were involved with providing additional information throughout the review, according to their expertise.

The outcome of the UPR of Argentina will be adopted on Monday 29 October, in the afternoon. Please refer to the ISHR webpage for updates.

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