Panama

The information relating to domestic torture laws has been adapted from the Compilation of Torture Laws tool available on the Association for the Prevention of Torture (APT) website, available here.

Date of ratification UNCAT: 24 August 1987

Relevant Laws

• Penal Code of 1982
• Law on the Approval of the Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman and Degrading Treatment or Punishment of 1987 (Law No. 5, 16 June 1987)
• Law on the Approval of the Inter-American Convention to Prevent and Punish Torture of 1991 (Law No. 12, 18 June 1991)

Relevant Articles

Prohibition of Torture:
• Article 1 of Law No. 5 of 1987
• Article 1 of Law No. 12 of 1991

Definition of Torture:
• Article 1 of Law No. 5 1987
• Article 1 of Law No. 12 1991

Penalties:
• Article 160 of the Penal Code

Others:
• Compensation and Reparation:
o Article 1 of Law No. 5 of 1987
o Article 1 of Law No. 12 of 1991
• Defences:
o Article 1 of Law No. 5 of 16 June 1987
o Article 1 of Law No. 12 of 18 June 1991
• Exclusion of Evidence:
o Article 1 of Law No. 5 of 1987
o Article 1 of Law No. 12 of 1991
• Extradition:
o Article 1 of Law No. 5 of 1987
o Article 1 of Law No. 12 of 1991
• Jurisdiction:
o Article 1 of Law No. 5 of 1987
o Article 1 of Law No. 12 of 1991
• Lawful Sanctions:
o Article 1 of Law No. 12 of 1991

* Information compiled December 2008

Country file can be accessed via APT website here.