Ecuador

The information relating to domestic torture laws has been adapted from the Compilation of Torture Laws tool available on the Association for the Prevention of Torture (APT) website, available here.

Date of ratification UNCAT: 30 March 1988

Relevant Laws

• Constitution of 2008
• Penal Code of 1971
• Criminal Procedure Code of 2000 (Law No. 000.RO/ Sup 360, 13 January 2000)
• Penal Code of the Civil National Police of 20 August 1960
• Code of Conduct of the Judicial Police of 2001 (Bill No. 368 – 19 – 07 – 2001)

Relevant Articles

Prohibition of Torture:
• Articles 66 of the Constitution
• Article 220 of the Criminal Procedure Code
• Article 1 of the Code of Conduct of the Judicial Police

Definition of Torture:
• Penalties:
o Article 129 of the Constitution
o Articles 30, 187, 204 and 205 of the Penal Code
o Articles 29 and 145 of the Penal Code of the Civil National Police

Others:
• Compensation and Reparation:
o Article 89 of the Constitution
• Defences:
o Articles 120 and 129 of the Constitution
o Article 206 of the Penal Code
• Exclusion of Evidence:
o Article 76 of the Constitution
o Article 83 of the Criminal Procedure Code
• Extradition:
o Article 66 of the Constitution

* Information compiled December 2008

Country file can be accessed via APT website here.