Annual Report of the Rio de Janeiro Sub-National Preventive Mechanism to Combat Torture exposes overflowing prison system

Annual Report of the Rio de Janeiro Sub-National Preventive Mechanism to Combat Torture exposes overflowing prison system

The Rio de Janeiro Sub-National Preventive Mechanism to Combat Torture has issued its 2012 report.  Brazil ratified the Optional Protocol to the Convention Against Torture in 2007 but is yet to designate its National Preventive Mechanism (NPM).  Brazil is now in violation of Article 17 of the OPCAT which stipulates that the State Parties to the OP must establish an NPM within 12 months of ratification.  No declaration under Article 24 allowing for an extension of the designation timeframe appears to have been made.

No National Human Rights Institution exists in Brazil (the only country in South America to yet create such a structure).  Nevertheless, innovation is happening at the sub-national level.  This report by the Rio de Janeiro Sub-National Preventive Mechanism to Combat Torture provides a detailed account of the office’s activities in 2012 and the challenges which confront torture prevention advocates in Brazil.

The report can be accessed here.

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